Prolegomena zu einer jeden künftigen Metaphysik die als Wissenschaft wird auftreten können

Prolegomena zu einer jeden künftigen Metaphysik die als Wissenschaft wird auftreten können
Author: Immanuel Kant
Publisher: e-artnow
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2016-03-07
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 8026866533

Dieses eBook: "Prolegomena zu einer jeden künftigen Metaphysik die als Wissenschaft wird auftreten können" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Folgende Fragen stehen im Zentrum: Wie ist reine Mathematik möglich? - Kant entwickelt seine Lehre von der transzendentalen Idealität von Raum und Zeit. Kurzgefasst besagt diese, dass Raum und Zeit nicht real, d. h. nicht unabhängig vom Menschen existieren: Sie stellen vielmehr die Grundbedingung aller sinnlichen Erfahrung dar, sind gewissermaßen eine Art Linse oder Brille, mit der wir auf die unerkennbare Wirklichkeit der Dinge an sich blicken. Wie ist reine Naturwissenschaft möglich? - Gedanken der Transzendentalen Analytik der Kritik der reinen Vernunft: steht hier nun das Erkennen des Verstandes im Mittelpunkt. Wie ist Metaphysik überhaupt möglich? - Stark gekürzte Version der Transzendentalen Dialektik aus der Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Als zentrales Erkenntnisorgan wird hier die Vernunft im engeren Sinne thematisiert. Während Sinnlichkeit und Verstand unsere Erkenntnis der Natur konstituieren, dient die Vernunft dieser als Regulativ, indem sie uns anleitet, ein Ganzes aller möglichen Erkenntnisse anzustreben. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) war ein deutscher Philosoph der Aufklärung. Kant zählt zu den bedeutendsten Vertretern der abendländischen Philosophie. Kant veröffentlichte 1783 die Prolegomena, die allgemeinverständlich in die kritische Philosophie einführen sollen.

Quantum Mechanics, Mathematics, Cognition and Action

Quantum Mechanics, Mathematics, Cognition and Action
Author: Mioara Mugur-Schächter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2006-04-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0306481448

And starting from there, it can induce an explicit understanding of certain fundamental features of the new scientific thinking. A formalized epistemology should not be mistaken for a crossdisciplinary or a multidisciplinary project. The latter projects are designed to offer to nonspecialists access to information, to results obtained inside specialized disciplines, as well as a certain understanding of these results; whereas a formalized epistemology should equip anyone with a framework for conceptualizing himself in whatever domain and direction he or she might choose. A formalized epistemology should not be mistaken either for an approach belonging to the modern cognitive sciences

Sceptical Doubt and Disbelief in Modern European Thought

Sceptical Doubt and Disbelief in Modern European Thought
Author: Vicente Raga Rosaleny
Publisher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2020-10-19
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 3030553620

This volume examines modern scepticism in all main philosophical areas: epistemology, science, metaphysics, morals, and religion. It features sixteen essays that explore its importance for modern thought. The contributions present diverse, mutually enriching interpretations of key thinkers, from Montaigne to Nietzsche. The book includes a look both at the relationship between Montaigne and Pascal and at Montaigne’s criticism of religious rationalism. It turns its attention to an investigation into the links between ancient scepticism and Bacon’s Doctrine of the Idols, as well as into the ancient problem of the criterion in Cartesian philosophy. Next, three essays focus on more general topics, like modern sceptical disturbances, clandestine literature and irreligion. Two essays investigate the role of scepticism in Bayle’s moral thinking and his theory of religious toleration. Hume’s sceptical philosophy is the subject of two papers by distinguished scholars. In addition, many contributors address the presence of scepticism in Kant and in the German Idealism, such as the role of Schulze's scepticism in the works of the young Hegel. The book closes with a paper on Nietzsche and scepticism, and an essay on the role of Popkin’s and Schmitt’s works on modern scepticism. This collection continues along a rich, fruitful path opened by Richard H. Popkin and pursued by many important scholars, like Gianni Paganini, John-Christian Laursen, and José Raimundo Maia Neto. It re-establishes that necessary dialogue between researchers of scepticism from all over the Americas, which began with Popkin, Oswaldo Porchat and Ezequiel de Olaso long ago. This insightful reflection on modern European scepticism will also serve as an important resource in the history of modern philosophy.

The Veiled God

The Veiled God
Author: Ruth Jackson Ravenscroft
Publisher: BRILL
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2019-07-22
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9004397825

In The Veiled God, Ruth Jackson Ravenscroft offers a detailed portrait of Friedrich Schleiermacher’s early life, ethics, and theology in its historical and social context, and critically reflects on the enduring relevance of his work for the study of religion.

The World According to Kant

The World According to Kant
Author: Anja Jauernig
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2021-02-18
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 0192646273

The world, according to Kant, is made up of two levels of reality: the transcendental and the empirical. The transcendental level is a mind-independent level at which things in themselves exist. The empirical level is a fully mind-dependent level at which appearances exist, which are intentional objects of experience. The distinction between appearances and things in themselves lies at the heart of Kant's critical philosophy and has been the focus of fierce debate among scholars for over two hundred years. Anja Jauernig offers this interpretation of Kant's critical idealism as an ontological position, which comprises transcendental idealism, empirical realism, and a number of other basic ontological theses, as developed in the Critique of Pure Reason and associated texts. In this interpretation Kant is a genuine idealist about empirical objects, empirical minds, and space and time. Yet in contrast to other intentional objects, appearances genuinely exist, which is due to both the special character of experience compared to other kinds of representations such as illusions or dreams, and to the grounding of appearances in things themselves. This is why Kant can also be considered a genuine realist about empirical objects, empirical minds, and space and time. This book spells out Kant's case for critical idealism thus understood, pinpoints the differences between critical idealism and ordinary idealism, and clarifies the relation between Kant's conception of things in themselves and the conception of things in themselves by other philosophers, in particular Kant's Leibniz-Wolffian predecessors.

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms
Author: Ernst Cassirer
Publisher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 278
Release: 1953-01-01
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780300074338

The symbolic form has long been considered by many who knew it in the original German as the greatest of Ernst Cassirer's works. Into it he poured all the resources of his vast learning about language, myth, religion, art, and science- the various creative symbolizing activities and constructions through which man has expressed himself and given intelligible objective form to his experience.

Locke, Berkeley, Kant: 2nd edition

Locke, Berkeley, Kant: 2nd edition
Author: Yasuhiko Tomida
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2015-07-01
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 3487153068

Dieser Band enthält Yasuhiko Tomidas bemerkenswerte Essays über Locke, Berkeley und Kant sowie einen Aufsatz, der Denkanstöße gibt und gemeinsam mit einem Experimental-Physiker verfasst wurde. Tomida behauptet, dass der logische Platz der Theorie der Ideen ursprünglich ‚naturalistisch‘ ist im Quine’schen Sinn des Begriffs, und dass Berkeley und Kant ihn auf ihre jeweilige Weise ‚entstellen‘. Damit bietet der Autor eine völlig neue Perspektive auf die Historiographie der Theorie der Ideen. Die durchgesehene und erweiterte zweite Auflage enthält einen zusätzlichen Aufsatz über Lockes holistische Logik. „Professor Tomida hat wertvolle, neue Einsichten zum Verständnis von Lockes Text geliefert. Wer auch immer an Lockes Darstellung des Wissens und der impliziten Ontologie des Essay interessiert ist, sollte sein Werk sehr sorgfältig studieren.“ (John W. Yolton) „Der Verfasser ist zehn Jahre lang für seine Grundüberzeugung bezüglich Locke eingetreten; es gibt sicherlich vieles, was für seine Berkeley-Interpretation spricht (und seine Kenntnis der Texte und der Sekundärliteratur ist beeindruckend), und selbst wenn Berkeley oder einer seiner Anhänger eine Verteidigung gegen den Vorwurf einer Entstellung versuchen wollten, bin ich keineswegs überzeugt, dass sie ‚gewinnen‘ würden. ... Es macht mir immer Vergnü¬gen, Tomida zu lesen. ... Was ich auch von Tomida lese, es trägt zu meiner Hochachtung für ihn als Locke-Experten bei.“ (Ian C. Tipton) This volume consists of Yasuhiko Tomida’s notable essays on Locke, Berkeley, and Kant as well as a thought-provoking article written in collaboration with an experimental physicist. Tomida asserts that the logical space of the theory of ideas is originally ‘naturalistic’ in Quine’s sense of the term and that Berkeley and Kant ‘distort’ it in their respective ways, thus offering a wholly new viewpoint concerning the historiography of the theory of ideas. The revised and enlarged second edition carries one more article on Locke’s holistic logic. ‘Professor Tomida has brought some valuable, fresh insights to the reading of Locke’s text. All those interested in Locke’s account of knowledge and the implicit ontology of the Essay should examine [his work] very carefully.’ John W. Yolton ‘The author has … been arguing for his basic stance of Locke for these ten years; his reading of Berkeley certainly does have a lot going for it (and his knowledge on the texts and the secondary literature is impressive), and even if Berkeley or a Berkeleian might attempt some sort of defence against that charge of a distortion, I am not totally convinced that they’d “win”. … I always enjoy reading Tomida. … [E]verything I read by Tomida contributes to my respect for him as a Locke scholar.’ Ian C. Tipton

Studies on Locke: Sources, Contemporaries, and Legacy

Studies on Locke: Sources, Contemporaries, and Legacy
Author: Sarah Hutton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2008-09-16
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1402083254

John Cottingham In the anglophone philosophical world, there has, for some time, been a curious relationship between the history of philosophy and contemporary philosophical - quiry. Many philosophers working today virtually ignore the history of their s- ject, apparently regarding it as an antiquarian pursuit with little relevance to their “cutting-edge” research. Conversely, there are historians of philosophy who seldom if ever concern themselves with the intricate technical debates that ll the journals devoted to modern analytic philosophy. Both sides are surely the poorer for this strange bifurcation. For philosophy, like all parts of our intellectual culture, did not come into existence out of nowhere, but was shaped and nurtured by a long tradition; in uncovering the roots of that tradition we begin see current philoso- ical problems in a broader context and thereby enrich our understanding of their signi cance. This is surely part of the justi cation for the practice, in almost every university, of including elements from the history of philosophy as a basic part of the undergraduate curriculum. But understanding is enriched by looking forwards as well as backwards, which is why a good historian of philosophy will not just be c- cerned with uncovering ancient ideas, but will be constantly alert to how those ideas pre gure and anticipate later developments.

Kant on Freedom and Human Nature

Kant on Freedom and Human Nature
Author: Luigi Filieri
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2023-08-25
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1000936023

The essays in this volume provide new readings of Kant’s account of human nature. Despite the relevance of human nature to Kant’s philosophy, little attention has been paid to the fact that the question about human nature originally pertains to pure reason. The chapters in this volume show that Kant’s point is not to state once and for all what the human being actually is, but to unite pure reason’s efforts within a unitary teleological perspective. The question about human nature is the cornerstone of reason’s unity in its different activities and domains. Kant’s question about human nature goes beyond our empirical inquiries to show that the notion of humanity represents the point of convergence and unity of pure reason’s most fundamental interests. Kant on Freedom and Human Nature will appeal to scholars and advanced students working on Kant’s philosophy.

Philology of the Flesh

Philology of the Flesh
Author: John T. Hamilton
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2018-08-03
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 022657282X

As the Christian doctrine of Incarnation asserts, “the Word became Flesh.” Yet, while this metaphor is grounded in Christian tradition, its varied functions far exceed any purely theological import. It speaks to the nature of God just as much as to the nature of language. In Philology of the Flesh, John T. Hamilton explores writing and reading practices that engage this notion in a range of poetic enterprises and theoretical reflections. By pressing the notion of philology as “love” (philia) for the “word” (logos), Hamilton’s readings investigate the breadth, depth, and limits of verbal styles that are irreducible to mere information. While a philologist of the body might understand words as corporeal vessels of core meaning, the philologist of the flesh, by focusing on the carnal qualities of language, resists taking words as mere containers. By examining a series of intellectual episodes—from the fifteenth-century Humanism of Lorenzo Valla to the poetry of Emily Dickinson, from Immanuel Kant and Johann Georg Hamann to Friedrich Nietzsche, Franz Kafka, and Paul Celan—Philology of the Flesh considers the far-reaching ramifications of the incarnational metaphor, insisting on the inseparability of form and content, an insistence that allows us to rethink our relation to the concrete languages in which we think and live.